Firefighting History in the U.S.
U.S. Firefighting History
Do you have a school research paper to develop on the Firefighting History in the United States? This web page will assist you with this assignment. The information is a brief snapshot of Firefighting History in the U.S.
Historic Fires in U.S. History
- 1676 Jamestown Colony Fire, Virginia.
- 1776 First Great Fire of New York.
- 1788 First Great Fire of New Orleans. 856 buildings burned.
- 1794 Second Great New Orleans Fire. 212 buildings destroyed.
- 1811 Richmond Theatre Fire, Virginia. 72 perished.
- 1814 War of 1812 Burning of Washintgon & Capital Building.
- 1835 Second Great Fire of New York.
- 1845 Great Fire of Pittsburgh. 1000 buildings destroyed.
- 1864 Atlanta Burned during War.
- 1865 Richmond Virginia Burned by retreating Confederates.
- 1871 Great Chicago Fire. Lasted 3 days. 18,000 buildings destroyed. 300 perished.
- 1871 Peshtigo Wisconsin Fire. 2,500 perished, same day as Great Chicago Fire!
- 1872 Great Boston Fire. Destroyed 776 buildings and 20 people perished.
- 1876 New York Brooklyn Theater Fire. 296 perished.
- 1881 Great Michigan Fire. 200 perished.
- 1899 Windsor Hotel Manhattan, NY Fire. 45 perished.
- 1901 Great Fire of Jacksonville Florida.
- 1903 Iroquois Theatre Fire Chicago. 600 perished.
- 1904 Great Baltimore Fire.
- 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire. 25,000 buildings destroyed, 5,000 perished. 400 city blocks.
- 1908 Ohio Collingwood Elementary School Fire. 173 children and teachers perished.
- 1908 Rhoads Theater Fire Boyertown, PA. 170 perished.
- 1911 New York City Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire. 145 girls perished.
- 1923 Clevland School Fire, Camden South Carolina. 77 perished.
- 1930 Ohio Penitentiary, Columbus, Ohio Fire. 322 perished.
- 1940 Rhythm Night Club Fire, Natchez, Mississippi. 209 perished.
- 1942 Cocoanut Grove Fire in Boston, MA. 492 perished.
- 1944 Hartford Connecticut Ringling Brothers Barnum Bailey Circus Fire. 168 perished. 1/3 were children.
- 1945 Empire State Building, NY Fire from B-25 Airplane Crash. 14 perished.
- 1946 LaSalle Hotel Fire, Chicago. 61 perished.
- 1946 Winecoff Hotel Fire, Atlanta, GA. 119 perished.
- 1947 Texas City disaster. 2 ships explode, 600 perished.
- 1949 St. Anthony's Hospital Fire, Effingham, IL. 70 perished.
- 1950 Mercy Hospital Fire, Davenport, Iowa. 41 perished.
- 1958 Our Lady of the Angels School Fire, Chicago. 95 perished.
- 1963 Golden Age Nursing Home Fire, Fitchville, Ohio. 63 perished.
- 1963 Hotel Roosevelt Fire Jacksonville, FL. 22 perished.
- 1967 Florida State Prison Fire, Jay Florida. 37 perished.
- 1973 LA Cocktail Lounge Fire, New Orleans Lousiana. 32 perished.
- 1977 Beverly Hills California Supper Club Fire. 165 perished. 3rd deadliest night club fire in history.
- 1980 MGM Grand Hotel Fire, Las Vegas, Nevada. 87 perished.
- 1984 Haunted Castle, Six Flags. 8 perished.
- 1988 Ford Dealership Fire, Hackensack, NJ. 5 firefighters perished.
- 1991 Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and 3,469 homes destroyed.
- 1995 Oklahoma City Bombing. 168 perished, 180 injured, 324 buildings damaged.
- 1999 Worcester Cold Storage Fire. 6 firefighters perished.
- 2001 September 11th Terrorist Attack on the World Trade Center, NY. 2,995 deaths representing 90 nationalities. 343 NY Firefighters perished, 37 Port Authority Officers perished, 23 NY Police Officers perished, 8 EMS Personnel perished.
- 2001 September 11th Terrorist Attack on the Pentagon, VA. 189 perished.
- 2001 September 11th Terrorist Attack, Airplan Crash in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. Passengers stormed cabin of airplane and crashed prior to reaching destination of White House.
- 2003 The Station Nightclub, West Warwick, Rhode Island. 96 perished on scene, 4 died later.
- 2007 Warehouse Fire in Charleston, South Carolina. 9 firefighters perished.
Firefighting Advancement in the U.S.
- 1736 Ben Franklin organized the first volunteer fire brigades.
- 1740 First horse drawn fire pumpers. Dalmations introduced to calm horses in stable, on way to fire, and while at fire scene.
- 1800's First steam fire pumpers.
- 1900's First gas powered fire pumpers.
- 1922 Creation of "Fire Prevention Week", First week of October each year in recognition of fire safety.
- 1940's - 1960's Advancement in firefighting equipment, nozzles, fire hose, fire pumps, and other equipment.
- 1970's Fire sprinkler systems became a code requirement for commercial buildings.
- 1980's Residential smoke detectors required by code.
- 2000 Fire sprinkler systems developed for residential homes, although not a code requirement.
- 2009 Carbon monoxide detectors required in all new residential homes.